Pictures of Scotland.

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Scottish landscapes, castles, lochs, seaside's and wildlife.

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NEW PHOTOGRAPHS ADDED (Ben Nevis, Chia Aig Falls, Airds Bay, Castle Stalker, Canadian Otters, Barcaldine Castle).

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All the pictures on this site have been photographed in Scotland and gardens of Fife. We hope you enjoy the sheer beauty of Scotland, its Lochs, seaside's, landscapes, castles and wildlife as much as we enjoyed the views whilst capturing each photo.

The Landscape Pictures gallery contains 44 photos of the landscape surrounding Craobh Haven, Oban, Fort William, the West of Scotland and the Cairngorms.

The Scottish Castles picture gallery contains 40 photos, again of castles and historic buildings in the West of Scotland and Fife. This gallery will be added to in the future.

The Scottish lochs picture gallery has 78 photos of lochs which provides a mere glimpse of the sheer beauty of Scotland and its natural water reserves surrounded by unspoiled countryside.

The Scottish Seaside picture gallery has 21 photos of the beaches and harbours on the west Coast of Scotland, largely unspoiled by commercialism.

The Wildlife picture gallery contains 42 photos of various animals, insects and flowers taken in gardens in Fife, on the East Coast of Scotland.

Castle Fraser.


A Short History of Scotland

Scotland occupies about one third of Gt. Britain and has a violent and tragic past. Today the legends, songs, ancient castles and ruins retain Scotland's proud past. The Scots have been moulded by its history and harshness of weather and land.

Records show that the first hunters and gathers inhabited Scotland over 6,000 years ago as the last remains of the ice age moved north. The first recorded history of Scotland was in the first century A.D. by a Roman historian who referred to the Scots as savage and fierce enemies. The clans of Scotland united to fight of the invasion of the Romans who had conquered the rest of Gt. Britain. Unable to conquer Scotland, Hadrian's wall was built separating Scotland from the southern part of Gt. Britain.

The Romans left the British Isles shortly after 400 A.D., and Scotland began to emerge as a Nation of peoples, the area at this time was called Alban and the four main Clans were the Pics, Scots, Britons and Angles. Invasions by the Vikings followed and by 843 King of the Scots of Dalriada, Kenneth MacAlpin and Duncan1 combined forces to retain their lands. War between Scotland and Norway was constant though peaceful with England, infighting between Scottish Clans was Common.

A Scottish invasion of England by John Balliol was fought off by King Edward 1, who then rampaged through Scotland and captured the Scone Stone upon which Scottish Kings had been crowned for seven centuries. The stone was placed in Westminster Abbey until it was taken back by Scottish Nationalists in 1951. In 1996 the stone was formally returned to its rightful place in Scotland, and is now displayed in Edinburgh Castle.

Scots continued to free themselves of the English. Robert the Bruce was at the forefront of these struggles, his uprising was defeated, but Bruce continued to harass the English armies. By 1314 Robert the Bruce had driven the English out of every town in Scotland except Stirling.

1372 saw Robert Stewart crowned King of Scotland, the first of a long line of Stewarts (Stuarts). There was much trouble when James IV came to the throne, but he managed to control lowland rebellion and tried to make peace with the highland Clan Chiefs.

In 1502, James IV signed a treaty of perpetual peace with England and married Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England.

The Stuart line came to an end with Mary Queen of Scots, who became Queen of Scotland when she was just one week old. Henry VIII arranged for Mary to marry his young son and when Mary's mother rejected the proposal, Henry responded by pillaging and burning Edinburgh and the Border Country. Mary returned from France at 18 years old, strong willed and a catholic, Scotland at this time (1557) had renounced the Catholic Church in favour of Protestantism. Her attempt to rule was difficult and she was forced to abdicate in favour of her 1 year old son James VI. She fled to England, to her cousin Queen Elizabeth 1. Due to her claim to the English throne Mary was imprisoned in the tower of London and later beheaded in 1587.

James VI escaped form his Protestant kidnappers in 1583 and resumed the throne of Scotland. Elizabeth 1 died in 1642 and as James was her only heir, he became James of England as well as James VI of Scotland. James most lasting legacy is the King James bible, still favoured by many Protestants. However this union of crowns failed to put an end to Scotland's struggles.

In 1642 civil war broke out in England Between King Charles1 Cavaliers and Oliver cromwell's Roundheads. Cromwell was the victor and ordered the execution of King Charles 1, the Scottish proclaimed Charles son as their King, This incensed Cromwell who invaded Scotland and united the two Countries under a strong, central, civil Government. When Cromwell died the English Monarchy was restored to the throne. The Scots felt that they had lost their independence and the stage was set for uprisings.

The Jacobite wanted the return to a Stuart King in Scotland and frequently took up arms to this end. By 1707 the English line of Succession had passed to the Queen Sophia of the German Hannover family, the Scots agreed to a union of Parliaments and a Hannoverian succession in return for commercial equality, their own legal system and the Presbyterian religion. The Jacobite rebellion grew as did opposition to the union. In 1715 James Edward rallied the Scottish Clans and was proclaimed King of Scotland, however the great families of Scotland were not united and the uprising was defeated.

Despite attempts by the English to disarm the Clans and to ship the Jacobites to America, the Jacobites rose again. Bonnie Prince Charles gradually drew support and eventually led 3000 men to Edinburgh to reinstate his father, James Edward as King of Scotland. After winning several battles in Scotland, Charles crossed the border and pushed southward toward London, just over 120 miles from London a decision was made to withdraw to the highlands to raise more troops. Scotland was however still divided, with many Clans supporting the Hanoverian side, and a large well equipped army was facing Charles. Finally on Culloden Moor in 1746, Charles tired and hungry Highlanders were slaughtered by the English cavalry, Charles however escaped to the Isle of Skye, and even though the English put an enormous price on his head, no one ever betrayed him.

The English response to the uprisings was harsh and extreme, whole villages were burned and Clansmen were killed or shipped off to the American plantations. The English tried to destroy the Clan system with the Disarming Act of 1746, no Scot was allowed to bear arms and the wearing of Clan tartans were banned. The penalty for wearing any part of the highland dress was six months in prison.

Miraculously many of the Scottish traditions survived and flourished, making the Clan tartan one of the most powerful symbols of kinship, gradually the restrictions were dropped and Scotland entered a period of peace and prosperity which continues today.



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