Founded in 1160 and consecrated in 1318 in the presence of Robert
the Bruce, the building of St Andrews Cathedral established St Andrews
as the ecclesiastical centre of Scotland and a major centre of pilgrimage.
It stands within the old city wall at the east end of St Andrews and
was by far the largest cathedral in Scotland and one of the longest
in Britain with a 14-bay nave, five-bay choir and an internal length
of 109m (357 feet).
Established as an Augustinian foundation and used for over three centuries,
the Cathedral was eventually destroyed by Protestant fanatics in 1559
during the Reformation.
In its churchyard are the graves of many famous Scots including the
sociologist Adam Ferguson, the publisher Robert Chambers and the championship
golfer Tommy Morris.